中医临床研究数据库

中药鉴别依据及方法

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向学洪

(石柱县临溪镇中心卫生院,重庆,409107

中图分类号:R284       文献标识码:A    文章编号:1674-7860(2016)15-0145-02  

 】目的:旨在总结目前传统医学上新兴的中药鉴别依据及方法,防止中药品种混淆使用和防止假药的出现,确保中医临床辨证施治安全用药,从而预防医疗纠纷和医疗事故发生。方法:本研究系统地总结了目前临床上关于中药常用的色谱法、光谱法、热分析法、中药指纹图谱检定技术、中药生物效应鉴定法、分子生物学技术、化学模式识别法7类鉴别方法,并探讨其鉴别依据,分析其应用范围。结果:本研究发现,临床常用的色谱法等7类中药鉴别方法均各具特色,鉴别依据不尽相同,且均有相应的应用范围。结论:临床上有关中药的鉴别方法多种多样且各有特点,要求我们充分掌握各类中药鉴别方法,在实际运用时应灵活选用。

关键词】中药;鉴别方法;鉴别依据;应用范围

AbstractObjective:Itaims to summarize the current emerging discrimination based on traditionalChinese medicine and medical means of preventing the misuse of traditionalChinese medicines and counterfeit confusion to guarantee the safe applicationof medicine based on clinical syndrome differentiation, thereby preventing theoccurrence of medical disputes and medical malpractice. Methods:This study summarizes the currentsystem of traditional Chinese medicine, namely 7 identification methods, whichinclude commonly used chromatography, spectroscopy, thermal analysis, fingerprintverification technology of traditional Chinese Medicine, biological effects oftraditional Chinese medicine, molecular biology and chemical patternrecognition method, etc. The basis for identifying is also explored and the scopeof application is analyzed. Results:Thestudy finds that 7 identification methods which are commonly used in clinicalmedicine identification are unique, they have different discrimination basis ofdifferent, and therefore have corresponding range of applications. Conclusion:The identification method of Chinese medicine is of clinical variety and theirown characteristics, which require us to take full advantage of all kinds oftraditional Chinese medicine identification method and apply then in practicalapplication flexibly.

KeywordsChinese medicine; Identification method; Identificationbasis; Application range

doi:10.3969/j.issn.1674-7860.2016.15.071



参考文献:

[1]张汉明,许铁峰,秦路平,.中药鉴别研究的发展和现代鉴别技术介绍[J].中成药,2000,22(1):101-110.

[2]徐荣,孙素琴,刘友刚,.红外光谱法用于肉苁蓉属中药鉴别研究[J].光谱学与光谱分析,2010,30(4):897-900.

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详情请浏览《中医临床研究》2016第15期

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